Introduction of the Botany

———the key discipline of the State Forestry Administration, P. R. China

 

The Botany discipline of SCAU was originated from the traditional Botany and Plant Physiology. The Botany has developed from the Botanical Laboratory of Science Faculty of the Sun Yat-Sen University, which was established by two professors, Chun Woon-young and Jiang Ying, in 1926. The discipline had made great achievement in taxonomical studies of Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Loganiaceae, Annonaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Sterculiaceae, and Calycanthaceae. It was approved to be the Ph.D Authority in 1989. In the late 1990s, the Botany and Plant Physiology were combined according to the Discipline Regulation of the Ministry of Education, P. R. China. The current Botany has developed from previous traditional major focusing on taxonomy to an integrated multidisciplinary subject.  It was elected as the key discipline of the State Forestry Administration in 2006. It is characterized by plant taxonomy, ecology, morphological anatomy, stress physiology and tree genetics and breeding. It aims to provide theoretical study and technical support for the economical development and ecological construction of Guangdong and even for South China.

Major research fields of within the discipline:

1.      Taxonomy of tropical and subtropical forest plants.

a)        Apocynaceae

b)        Asclepiadaceae

c)        Loganiaceae

d)       Annonaceae

e)        Euphorbiaceae

f)         Sterculiaceae

g)        Calycanthaceae

2.      Forest ecosystem services and conservation ecology

a)        Population dynamics and genetic diversity study of tropical and subtropical rare plants

b)        Biodiversity mechanism study of the regional forest systems

c)        Carbon store and exchange of the forestry ecosystem

d)       The role and mechanism of the plants ion the environmental restoration

e)        Nutrient cycling of forest ecosystems.

3.      Structural Botany and Reproductive Biology of the important economic trees

a)         Formation relationships of Secretory Structure and Secondary Metabolites.

b)        Megasporogenesis and microsporogenesis of the conifers

c)        Structure and development of the Effective Ingredient distribution and dynamics

4.      Stress physiology and Resistance Gene Engineering study of forest trees and grasses

a)        Stress physiology and molecular mechanism of the grasses.

b)        Biotechnology and breeding of the resistant grasses.

c)        Molecular mechanisms of the Metabolism and regulation of the plant organic acids

5.      The genetic improvement study of the fast-growing trees

a)         Recurrent selection of the multiple generations and genetic diversity study of Pines.

b)        Molecular mechanism study of tree character improvement.

c)        genomic study of Wood Fiber biomass and Biomass Energy study.